Laws and government - invader impact in Finland

Laws and Government

Metsäkylän Yhtenäiskoulu, Finland
Milla Pihlajamäki, Annika Marjamäki, Maiju Lepistö, Karla Kirvesmäki, Valtti Järvi and Niklas Niemelä

Finland’s Form of Government

      Finland was a monarchy when part of Sweden (until year 1809). At that time, Finland was allowed to decide some of its matters.
      When Finland became part of the Russian empire, it was granted an autonomy.
      When Finland became independent, it was going to become a monarchy and we were to get a ruler, a German Prince Friedrich Karl of Hessen. Because German lost World War I, the plans for the monarchy were cancelled. It was then decided, that Finland will become a republic, which we still are.

Voting during Swedish and Russian reign

      While under Swedish rule, only the four classes of society (peasantry, bourgeoisie, clergy and nobility) were allowed to vote.
      General right to vote did not exist at that point.
      In 1905, a general strike broke in Russia, and the Finns demanded for the return of autonomy.
      In 1906, Finland had a parliamentary reformation and a general right to vote was granted to everyone. Finland also received its autonomy back.

Laws of today that existed before independence

      The base of Finnish Crime Law (Suomen rikoslaki) dates back to 1894. A slight reform took place in 2003.
      Since 1809 (time of Grand Duchy), Finland has had compulsory military service.
      Most of the laws concerning mortgage/pawn were formed before Finland became independent and they are still valid.

Changes in Currency

      Between 830-950, people used metal coins.
      When Finland became part of Sweden, the Swedish crown became the official currency.
      When part of Russia, the Russian currency rubles became Finland’s currency as well. Russia gave Finland permission to use it.
      Finland got its own currency, the Finnish mark, in 1860.
      Euro became Finland’s currency in 2002.

The impact of Sweden and Russia to Finnish government

      When under Swedish rule, Finland was a monarchy and had a king (king of Sweden).
      When under Russian rule, Finland was governed by an emperor. A governor general represented the emperor and acted as an officer in charge of military. Russia also had a senate.


      In 1906 Finland was part of Russia. Our parliament was founded that year.
      With democracy, more people were involved in making decisions, when they got the right to vote.
      Finland became a nation of multiple parties, which all promoted their own interests.
      Finnish women were the first in the world allowed to run for parliament. They were the first in Europe to get the right to vote.
      Finland has a common and equal right to vote, which means that every person has one vote.

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