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Laws and government - invader impact in Finland
Laws and Government
Pihlajamäki, Annika Marjamäki, Maiju Lepistö, Karla Kirvesmäki, Valtti Järvi
and Niklas Niemelä
Finland’s Form of Government
was a monarchy when part of Sweden (until year 1809). At that time, Finland was
allowed to decide some of its matters.
Finland became part of the Russian empire, it was granted an autonomy.
Finland became independent, it was going to become a monarchy and we were to
get a ruler, a German Prince Friedrich Karl of Hessen. Because German lost
World War I, the plans for the monarchy were cancelled. It was then decided,
that Finland will become a republic, which we still are.
Swedish and Russian reign
under Swedish rule, only the four classes of society (peasantry, bourgeoisie,
clergy and nobility) were allowed to vote.
right to vote did not exist at that point.
1905, a general strike broke in Russia, and the Finns demanded for the return
•In 1906, Finland had a parliamentary
reformation and a general right to vote was granted to everyone. Finland also received its autonomy
Laws of today
that existed before independence
•The base of Finnish Crime Law (Suomen
rikoslaki) dates back to 1894. A slight reform took place in 2003.
1809 (time of Grand Duchy), Finland has had compulsory military service.
of the laws concerning mortgage/pawn were formed before Finland became
independent and they are still valid.
Changes in Currency
830-950, people used metal coins.
Finland became part of Sweden, the Swedish crown became the official currency.
•When part of Russia, the Russian
currency rubles became Finland’s currency as well. Russia gave Finland permission to use
got its own currency, the Finnish mark, in 1860.
became Finland’s currency in 2002.
The impact of
Sweden and Russia to Finnish government
under Swedish rule, Finland was a monarchy and had a king (king of Sweden).
•When under Russian rule, Finland was
governed by an emperor. A governor general represented the emperor and acted as
an officer in charge of military. Russia also had a senate.
1906 Finland was part of Russia. Our parliament was founded that year.
democracy, more people were involved in making decisions, when they got the
right to vote.
became a nation of multiple parties, which all promoted their own interests.
women were the first in the world allowed to run for parliament. They were the
first in Europe to get the right to vote.
has a common and equal right to vote, which means that every person has one